“The deen of Islam is BASED on justice.” Sheikh Abdulbary Yahya.
Justice is part of the fitrah. Take something away from a baby. It will cry. The Day of Judgment will set all injustices straight. One must be just with their children. It is part of good manners and instilling it in their kids.
Regarding children: The desire for justice is innate in all of us and our deen is based on justice. It’s very important (required) to be just with our children even the babies. The Day of Judgment is to establish justice. If there is a rule, it has to be applied to all (good and bad students, eg). Part of good manners is establishing justice. Talk to them about it. If you threaten without carrying though your words become empty. Don’t over threaten them, if you say it do it. What do you do with talking back? Establish that if you talk back, raise your voice, immediate consequence (like sent to office, suspended). The first week 15 people suspended, but after that no talking back. Students/kids will help each other and remind each other. Be a little harsh at the beginning and then be consistent.
Raising children: The sense of justice and the desire for justice is innate. The deen of Islam is based on justice.
If you do something for one child, you should do it for another. Rules should apply to everyone. If you say you are going to do something and threaten with harsh punishment, carry it out, if you do not then your words will not mean anything. Do not over-threaten.
To control class – quell talking back: Set a rule. If you are consistent, you will only need to make an example of one or two. If people overcharge you, we look at the receipt and demand justice and our money back.
The purpose of the Day of Judgment is to establish justice.
Important Islamic Concepts:
Major sin: warning of punishment in this life or the hereafter (including the grave) or a mention of being cursed. Any sins, whether major or minor, you can repent from as long as a proper tauba is performed.
The conditions of Tauba:
- Feel remorse,
- Leave the sin,
- Make the full conviction in your heart that you won’t return to it.
- If it involves the people, you need to return their right to them.
Allah can forgive shirk if you repent from it while you are alive. If you die upon shirk, it is the only sin that Allah will not forgive. The Prophet (ﷺ) is infallible when it comes to deen. But when it comes to matters of dunya, he just a normal human being.
saw him doing that and asked him what he was doing. The companion misunderstood him and thought he was objecting so he stopped pollinating his trees. When it came time to harvest, the other companions had many dates and he just had a few. He went to the Prophe t (ﷺ) and told his situation. The Prophet (ﷺ) said he didn’t object, but was just asking. The companion thought the Prophet (ﷺ) was telling him to rely on Allah. The Prophet(ﷺ) said you know more about those (dunya) matters than I do. When it comes to dunya, planting etc we may know better, but in matters of the deen the Prophet (ﷺ) is infallible. He was human but in matters of the deen he would be immediately corrected by Allah if wrong.
In the affairs of the dunya, everything is halaal unless proven to be haraam. Cars, planes, etc. In the affairs of the deen, of worship, everything is Haraam unless proven to be Halaal.
Questions are of Two Types:
One type of question is to seek information and the other is an objection. In the hadeeth found in sahih Muslim, we see that the companion understood the Prophet’s (ﷺ) questioning as a statement of objection rather than interrogation.
Hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim: The Prophet (ﷺ) walked by a companion that had climbed his date tree to pollinate his trees. The Prophet (ﷺ) asked, “What are you doing?” The companion thought this was an objection so he stopped pollinating his trees and later came to complain of his poor harvest. The Prophet(ﷺ) said that he was not objecting, he just didn’t know what the man was doing. The Prophet (ﷺ) said,
“You are more knowledgeable in your own worldly affairs.”
In Sharia, an Affirmation takes place over a negation. As an example, if two sahabah say something, one claiming the Prophet (ﷺ) never did something, and the other sahabi claiming he saw the prophet doing something, then the affirmatory statement takes precedence over the negation.